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Sitting Pretty: Treatment Of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids or piles are caused when the veins around the anus and lower rectum become inflamed and swollen and become prone to rupture and bleeding. Blood clots that come about inside the anus because of this bleeding can cause great discomfort and pain when passing stool or sitting. While doctors are still unsure of what exactly cause haemorrhoids, they have identified which groups of people are more likely to suffer this affliction at sometime in their lives.

Also commonly known as piles, hemorrhoids come about whenever the veins around the anus or lower rectum become swollen and inflamed. This brings about bleeding within the anus and it can also cause blood clots. This often occurs during pregnancy, constipation, straining to move stool, anal intercourse, or continuous diarrhea. Symptoms include bleeding from the anus, irritation and itching around the rectal region.

Having said the above, you can protect yourself from falling victim to this painful condition with a simple change in lifestyle. You should drink around eight glasses of water each day, include fibre rich foods, vitamin supplements and herbs in your diet, avoid sitting for prolonged periods, and exercise at least three times a week.

Treatment for hemorrhoids varies from applying external creams and ointments to ease the pain in the case of external hemorrhoids, to surgery in the case of acute distension.

Internal hemorrhoids occur inside the anal cavity and these often go undetected due to the lack of pain receptors in this area. Often, when left unattended, the inflamed internal vein becomes distended and extends outside the anus. This condition is known as prolapsed or strangulated hemorrhoids.

Most surgical procedures to remove hemorrhoids are simple and work on the principle of cutting off arterial blood flow to the inflamed vein, which causes the haemorrhoid to shrivel and fall. Doppler filigation, rubber band litigation, sclerotherapy and hemorrhoidectomy are the most common surgical procedures used to remove hemorrhoids and are all relatively safe and simple surgeries.

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